Knee problems and its associated factors among active cyclists


Year : 2017 | Volume : 24 | Issue : 1 | Page : 23-29
Knee problems and its associated factors among active cyclists in Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia

Abdullatif K Althunyan1, Magdy A Darwish1, Moataza M Abdel Wahab2
1Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
2Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Dammam, Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; Department of Biostatistics, High Institute of Public Health, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
Correspondence Address:
Abdullatif K Althunyan
Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, P. O. Box 2955, Dammam 31432, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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DOI:10.4103/2230-8229.197178
Introduction: Bicycling is one of the most enjoyable aerobic exercises recommended for the promotion of an individual's health. The Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia has seen a huge increase in the number of people who cycle. People have different goals for bicycling, but the injuries they sustain are common. Most of them relate to overuse, particularly of lower body joints. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of knee problems and factors associated with knee pain in cyclists. Materials And Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in October 2015, using an online self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire was based on pertinent literature, was piloted, and validated. A web link was sent to 513 cyclists (professional and amateur) using E-mail, WhatsApp application, or SMS. Three hundred and eleven responses were received, 283 of which were included in the analysis. Results: The overall prevalence of knee pain was 25.8%; 27.6% for amateur cyclists and 15.9% for professional cyclists. Only 17.2% knee pain was attributed to cycling, whereas in 32.8% it happened spontaneously and in 25% of cases it occurred while running. Majority of the cyclists reported pain as mild (61.6%) or moderate (28.7%); anterior knee pain accounted for 58.1% knee pain. Different goals of cycling and different bicycle types had statistically significant difference on the rate of knee pain. Of underweight cyclists, 62.2% reported knee pain. Cyclists who run more or participated in football had a higher rate of pain. Conclusion: Knee injuries are common with cyclists. Factors such as the type of the bicycle, the goal of bicycling, club type, body mass index, and participation in other sports play a significant role in the rate of knee pain.
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