Effect of autism on parental quality of life in Arar city, Saudi Arabia


ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year: 2020 |Volume: 27 |Issue: 1 |Page: 15-22

Effect of autism on parental quality of life in Arar city, Saudi Arabia

Dalal S Alenazi1,Sabry M Hammad2,Amal E Mohamed3
1Department of Community Medicine, Saudi Board of Family Medicine Joint Program, Arar, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Community Medicine, Saudi Board of Family Medicine Joint Program, Arar, Saudi Arabia; Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
3Department of Community Medicine, Saudi Board of Family Medicine Joint Program, Arar, Saudi Arabia; Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amal E Mohamed
Department of Community Medicine, Saudi Board of Family Medicine, P.O. Box 4377, Arar 73241, Saudi Arabia

Source of Support:None,Conflict of Interest:None

Check

DOI:10.4103/jfcm.JFCM_157_19

BACKGROUND:The quality of life (QOL) of the families of children with autism is lower than that of families of normal children or children with other disabilities. The study's aim was to describe the severity of effect on the domains of the QOL of caregivers of autistic children and to identify the characteristics of caregivers and children associated with impaired QOL.MATERIALS AND METHODS:This cross-sectional study included 84 parents of autistic children attending developmental abnormalities clinic in Arar city during January 1 to March 31, 2019. Parents of autistic children were interviewed using an Arabic version of the short-form 36 to assess their QOL. A mean score of <50 was considered to indicate poor QOL. Collected data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS, version 20.0). A Chi-square test was used for comparison between categorical variables.RESULTS:Of 84 caregivers, 63.1% had impaired QOL. The main domains affected were energy/fatigue and role limitations resulting from emotional problems. Female gender, unemployment, and low income of caregivers were significant factors associated with poor QOL. Autistic children of the first birth order and with long duration of the disease were more likely to be associated with poor parental QOL. Gender, income, occupation, and duration of illness were associated with poor quality of life, but this was not statstically significant.CONCLUSION:Slightly less than two-thirds of the caregivers had impaired QOL. Caregivers of autistic children need social and emotional support to help them to cope with this disability.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


2020-05-19

The relationship between sleep quality, stress, and academic performance among medical students 2020-05-19
The status of zinc in type 2 diabetic patients and its association with glycemic control 2020-05-19
Association between type 2 diabetes mellitus and Helicobacter pylori 2020-05-19
Healthy nutrition for a healthy child 2020-05-19
Pediatric sickle cell disease and obstructive sleep apnea 2018-09-09
Violence towards healthcare workers 2018-09-09
Stroke medicine in antiquity 2018-09-09
Knee problems and its associated factors among active cyclists 2017-01-09
Prevalence, patterns, and correlates of equestrian injuries in Malaysia 2017-01-09
Positive impact of rescheduling Bacillus Calmette-Guérin 2017-01-09
Use of hormones and nutritional supplements 2017-01-09
Prevalence of microalbuminuria and its correlates among diabetic patients 2017-01-09
Serum Vitamin B12 and thyroid hormone levels in Saudi patients with multiple sclerosis 2016-09-26
Attitudes and perceptions towards HPV vaccination among young women in Saudi Arabia 2016-09-26
Using prefrailty to detect early disability 2016-09-26
Risky health behaviors among students in Majmaah University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 2016-09-26
Gender inequality in acute coronary syndrome patients 2016-05-01
Can the management of blood sugar levels.. 2016-05-01
Proportion and determinants of tuberculosis 2016-05-01
The association between physical activity and overweight 2016-05-01
Ramadan fasting is not usually associated with the risk 2016-05-01
Social anxiety disorder in Saudi adolescent boys 2016-01-16
Diabetic retinopathy and the associated risk factors 2016-01-16
Establishing rapport: Physicians' practice and attendees 2016-01-16